West Highland Flora

Fireweed


Chamerion angustifolium

Other names: Chamaenerion angustifolium, Epilobium angustifolium, Rosebay Willowherb

Chamerion angustifolium

Photo Carl Farmer
25 Sep 2001 Portree, Skye

Common in disturbed ground, in felled forestry plantations, and as a garden weed.

Stems c 60 to 150 cm tall.  Flower diameter c 2-3 cm

ID: 4 prominent purple sepals showing through gaps between the 4 pink-purple petals.

Other features: Stigma cross-shaped.  A very vigorous plant spreading by roots just below the surface and also by feathery seeds that can be seen blowing across the land in their thousands on a windy day.

 

Chamerion angustifolium

Photo Carl Farmer
26 Mar 2005 Portree, Skye
Visible height of shoot c 5.9 cm

Young shoot

  Chamerion angustifolium

Photo Carl Farmer
16 Apr 2003 Portree, Skye
Longest leaves c 10 cm

Slightly more advanced shoots

 

Chamerion angustifolium

Photo Carl Farmer
20 Sep 2001 Portree, Skye

Above: Fruit-capsules beginning to open to
release feathery seeds

Right: Leaves often turn red in autumn

  Chamerion angustifolium

Photo Carl Farmer
25 Sep 2001 Portree, Skye



Chamerion angustifolium

Photo Carl Farmer
14 Oct 2003 Portree, Skye

The capsules split into 4 valves


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