West Highland Flora

Male Fern


Dryopteris filix-mas

 

Dryopteris filix-mas

Photo Carl Farmer
25 June 2003 Armadale,  Skye
Top frond 40 cm long

Widespread but not common, in woods and shady places, generally in more lowland places or richer soils than Scaly Male Fern, but also found among rocks on mountains.

Fronds typically 30-120 cm.  Sori c 1 mm diameter.

ID: Each pinna is itself pinnate, the pinnules not further divided but toothed equally all round, not mainly at the end as in Scaly Male Fern.  Middle pinnae broadest, basal ones much smaller.  Rachis in upper half is not densely covered with orange-brown scales as in Scaly MF.  Frond does not have crinkled appearance as in Mountain Male Fern.  Pinnae do not have dark spot at base as in Scaly MF (except late in season when can occasionally develop faint darkish spot)

Other features: Crowns not found in groups of several close together as in Mountain Male Fern.

 

Dryopteris filix-mas

Photo Carl Farmer
25 June 2003 Armadale, Skye
 

  Dryopteris filix-mas

Photo Carl Farmer
30 Sep 2001 Portree, Skye

Young sori   Mature sori


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