West Highland Flora

Holly


Ilex aquifolium

 

Ilex aquifolium

Photo Carl Farmer
18 Oct 2003 Portree, Skye

Widespread in woods and beside burns, but never very numerous.

Evergreen shrub typically 3-6 m high.  Leaves c 4-8 cm long.

ID: Twisted spiny leaves are instantly recognisable.

Other features: Upper leaves are without spines (pics below).  Separate male and female plants.  Both have clusters of white 4-petalled flowers, and the female ones produce berries that are green when young and red when ripe.

 

Ilex aquifolium

Photo Carl Farmer
12 May 2004 Kyleakin, Skye

  Ilex aquifolium

Photo Carl Farmer
12 May 2004 Kyleakin, Skye
Flower c 8 mm across

Cluster of flower buds with one open with 4 stamens, showing it to be a male.  The upper, non-spiny, leaves of this bush were accessible due to the steepness of the ground.
 

Ilex aquifolium

Photo Carl Farmer
14 Aug 2004 Torrin, Skye

  Ilex aquifolium

Photo Carl Farmer
14 Aug 2004 Torrin, Skye
Picture c 4.2 cm wide

Female bush with green summer berries.  This one was only c 2.5 m tall and had spiny leaves to the top.


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